Osman Kavala, who spent 840 days behind bars based on groundless accusations and
unlawful practices, was released following his acquittal in the Gezi Park trial on 18 February
2020. However, he was promptly re-arrested on charges related to the failed coup attempt
of July 15 despite this release order.
Osman Kavala’s re-arrest is an example of maltreatment, as defined by the Council of
Europe Commissioner for Human Rights Dunja Mijatović as well. The punitive decision of re-
arrest, which constitutes violations to both national and international law, should be
revoked and Osman Kavala must be released immediately.
When Osman Kavala was taken into police custody on 18 October 2017, this custody order
was not issued solely based on the Gezi investigation. The file opened against Kavala at that
time also included an investigation in connection with “the July 15 coup attempt” under
Article 309 of Turkish Penal Code (TPC). In this investigation, an ex-officio release order was
issued per Article 309 on 11 October 2019. An indictment has not been prepared thus far
although this investigation was launched more than two years ago.
Existing legislation orders that the duration of the detainment cannot exceed two years if
there is no indictment. Osman Kavala’s investigation file based on Article 309 of TPC
exceeded two years as of 25 February 2020. Therefore, Kavala’s re-arrest violates the Law
no. 7188 on Amending the Code of Criminal Procedure and Certain Laws, which took effect
on 24 October 2019. This new regulation stipulates that a suspect cannot be detained for
more than two years without the presence of a lawsuit against them.
Following his custody on 18 February 2020, Osman Kavala was referred to the Criminal
Peace Judgeship with the prosecutor demanding his arrest without conducting a new
interrogation at the police station or the Prosecutor’s office. This clearly shows that Kavala’s
re-arrest was not grounded on any evidence or intelligence revealed during the last 28
Hence, there is a clear legal obligation to release Osman Kavala in relation to this file on 25
February 2020. Petitions from lawyers or the initiative of judges and prosecutors are not
even needed for this release order, as the legislation already stipulates that Kavala should
This arrest order against Osman Kavala and his continued detention have no legal ground
whatsoever. This arrest order is the result of a politically motivated determination to keep
Osman Kavala behind bars, and a willingness to abuse the law as a means to this end.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s statement, “They attempted to acquit him with a
maneuver,” that came while Osman Kavala was under custody has proved that Kavala’s re-
arrest has a political motive. This is an overt repetition of Osman Kavala’s arrest for
“political reasons and without reasonable suspicion”, a practice which the European Court
of Human Rights (ECtHR) decision dated 10 December 2019 defines as a violation of Article
18 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The ECtHR also examined the allegation that Kavala “attempted to destroy the
constitutional order of the Republic of Turkey” under Article 309 of the TPC, which is used to
justify Kavala’s re-arrest, in its judgement. Therefore, ECtHR’s call for “immediate release”
refers not only to the Gezi Trial and encompasses the 15 July investigation as well.
We, human rights defenders, demand Osman Kavala’s immediate release. Turkey must
abide by the national legislation and the ECtHR judgment; stop manipulating the law as a
tool for harassment and revenge; and ensure the rule of law prevails for all citizens including
Solidarity Network for Human Rights Defenders - Turkey
Amnesty International, Association for Monitoring Equal Rights, Citizens’ Assembly Turkey,
Civic Space Studies Association, Civil Rights Defenders, Human Rights Association, Human
Rights Agenda Association, Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, Initiative for Freedom of
Expression, Kaos GL, Life Memory Freedom Association, Media and Law Studies
Association, SPOD, Punto24 Association for Independent Journalism, Research Institute on
Turkey, The Rights Initiative, Truth Justice Memory Center, Turkish-German Forum of
Solidarity Network for Human Rights Defenders – Turkey is a network of human rights
organizations which insists that defending human rights is a universal right. The Network is
committed to strengthen solidarity and communication among its members and to challenge
all forms of repression and harassment against human rights defenders
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